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What is it?
Portable appliance testing (commonly known as PAT is a process in which electrical appliances are routinely checked for safety. The formal term is “in-service inspection & testing of electrical equipment”. Testing involves a visual inspection of the equipment and their flexible cables for good condition, and also where required, verification of earthing (grounding) continuity, and finally, a test must be conducted for the soundness of insulation between the current carrying parts, and any exposed metal that may be touched.
PAT testing for businesses
It is the responsibility of all businesses to ensure that their electrical appliances are in safe working order for use in the environment in which they are being used.
PAT is an important part of any companies responsibility in order to maintain statutory health and safety compliance and when carried out correctly, can go towards preventing accidents or potential deaths within a companies working environment.
Businesses in the UK are expected to perform PAT testing regularly on portable appliances to comply with the following regulations:
- Health & Safety at Work Act of 1974
- The Electricity at Work Regulations of 1989
- The Provision an Use of Work Equipment Regulations of 1998
- The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations of 1999
PAT testing for landlords
The Scottish Government issued guidance in 2015 on electrical appliances in private rented properties.
The guidance states that private landlords in Scotland should ensure all electrical appliances provided by the landlord under the tenancy agreement are electrically safe. In order to do this, a competent person should be employed to PAT test all Landlord owned appliances.
Integrated Compliance Services will:
- check all electrical appliances provided under the tenancy agreement and apply pass labels to those deemed compliant.
- label any failed items with a fail label and advise landlords to have it replaced or repaired.
- Provide a detailed log of the results to the landlord showing the results for each appliance along with a PAT test certificate.
Integrated Compliance Services carry out Landlord PAT Testing throughout Scotland. If you are looking for PAT Testing for rental properties, then contact us now. We PAT test properties at an affordable cost and with as little disruption to your tenant as possible.
Is the landlord able to access a property for safety checks?
The contract you make with your tenant should allow you access for any maintenance or safety check work that needs to be done. You must not use force to enter the property. Further information is provided in regulation 39 of the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998.
A landlord has to show that they took all reasonable steps to comply with the law. HSE recommends the following actions and strongly advises that a record be kept of all correspondence with the tenants:
- Leave the tenant a notice stating that an attempt was made to complete the gas safety check and provide your contact details.
- Write to the tenant explaining that a safety check is a legal requirement and that it is for the tenant’s own safety. Give the tenant the opportunity to arrange their own appointment.
HSE inspectors will look for repeated attempts to complete the gas safety check, including the above suggestions; however the approach will need to be appropriate to each circumstance. It would ultimately be for a court to decide if the action taken was reasonable depending upon the individual circumstances.find out more